Cosa è oggetto di privativa


Pursuant to art. 10 of the IPC, plant grouping within a single botanical taxon of the lowest known degree, which complies with the following requirements, may be the subject of exclusive right:

  • novelty: the variety is deemed new when, at the date of filing the application, the vegetative reproduction or propagation material, or a product of the collection of the variety has not been marketed on the national territory for over a year and, in the case of trees and vines, for over four years in any other State
  • homogeneity: the variety is deemed homogeneous when it is sufficiently uniform in its relevant and applicable characteristics
  • distinction: the variety is deemed distinct when it clearly distinguishes itself from any other variety the existence of which is, at time of filing the application, of common knowledge
  • stability: the variety is deemed stable when the relevant and applicable characteristics remain unchanged after subsequent reproductions or propagations.


In addition, the new plant variety must be indicated with an adequate name (for further information see UPOV).


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